Ukraine is a government located in Central and Eastern Europe, with a population of about 42 million. Man and territory in 576.6 thousand. sq. km. (without Crimea). The capital of the country – the city of Kyiv from the 9th century became the capital of the ancient Russian country (after the end of Novgorod) and in this capacity, he stayed until the end of the 13th century. Later, the modern territory of Ukraine was divided between the adjacent countries. Separate parts of it are sometimes passed from some neighbors second.
So the modern flag Ukraine looks:
History flag of Ukraine
The modern flag of Ukraine was used in June 1848 in Lviv, which was then as part of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lomomeria. At the end of revolutionary events in Austria-Hungary In the Ukrainian part of it, not counting this seemed to move resistance. The city of Lviv was created by the authority of the self-government of Russian joyful. During the decision of the issue of the flag that was not yet, it was decided – to pick up a color base from the emblem of Lviv land (one of the guesses).
The introduction of yellow and azure colors correlate with the colors of the arms of Lviv’s (Leopolskaya) land. 1st documentary confirmation of this fact falls for the period of “Great War” 1409 -1411, at the time, at the time, at the time, at the time when divisions from Lviv land who used a banner participated in the fights with crusaders Azurev’s background which was depicted a golden lion, climbing on the mountain. Later, this banner was taken over the base for the coat of arms of Russian voivodship, which existed in the 15-18 centuries in the Polish kingdom.
- Coat of arms of Lviv land
- Coat of arms of Russian voivodship
Later yellow and blue colors on the country’s sign appeared in 1917-1918. Then two options were approved. The difference between these options was not in the color political system, but in the sequence of their introduction:
- Blue-Yellow View – Sign of the West Ukrainian People’s Republic (Zune). This species was familiar from June 1917 to 1920. For this small lumen, there were such subjects of territories as Ukrainian autonomy as part of the Russian Federation, UNR, ZUNR. The same flag was accepted in the first half of the 40s of the twentieth century as the flag of the Ukrainian municipal government. This education had a temporary status and, at the end of its abolition, was created by the 2nd governing body – ReichskySariat.
- Yellow-Blue View – Sign of UNR (the eastern part of the country).
Flag of the West Ukrainian People’s Republic Later (1991.) was approved as an official sign of modern Ukraine.
From the history of the country as we know that the municipal sign did not always have today’s blue-yellow. Depending on the period of time or form of statehood, it changed the individual colors or a non-specialized species.
In parallel, the banners of the blue and yellow colors and the banner denoting belonging to the country of the Soviets. So at the end of the establishment of Russian authorities in December 1917, the UNR of the Soviets was proclaimed and personal symbolism was adopted.
Two with a small month in March 1918, following the results of the Brest world, ONSR finished existing.
During the civil war in Ukraine, not counting this rebel army of various senses. The most famous of their army of Makhno, who tried to organize a “free territory” – an anarchic sense society. The designated army is attributed to the variants of black flags with a skull or a slogan about anarchy.
During the periods from 1919 to 1929 and from 1929 to 1937, on the Ukrainian part of the area, the remaining in the USSR was created the Russian Socialist Republic With their attributes. In the first case, it was a red cloth with a reduction USSR.
In the 2nd case -WITH.R.R. (reduction is made up of the same words but in the Ukrainian language “Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic”).
From 1937 to 1949 the inscription on the flag of the republic was not quite a lot redone and the flag looked second. In this embodiment, the third and 2nd words of the Ukrainian name changed in places.
Since 1949, the Ukraine flag again was modified for the uniform example of the second flag of the Republic of USSR. Two-third widths of the panels were red, and 1/3 flag (bottom) – blue. This option has existed before the collapse of the USSR in 1991.
The official symbol of the country is a cloth of 2 uniform horizontal stripes: blue on top and yellow on bottom. The flag’s parties relate to the proportions as 2 to 3.
From September 1991 to January 1992, the perspective of the official sign of Ukraine was equal to 1 to 2.
Colors flag of Ukraine
Only two colors are used on the flag of Ukraine:
- Light blue – (blue);
- Yellow (golden).
Meaning colors flag Ukraine
The state symbol of Ukraine does not have an official interpretation. Over time, the designation of colors has changed depending on the political fashion or tastes of contemporaries. Among the interpretations, there is a sacred character, and sacred, and symbolic, and lung. In the middle of the variants of the color values are as follows:
- Blue – clear, colorful sky, yellow – ripe wheat fields. This is the most popular interpretation.
- Two Elements: Blue – Water Elements, Yellow – Element of Fire.
- Blue – the power of the Highest, Yellow – the power of faith.
- Blue – all earthly, yellow – basic spirituality.
- Blue – Rivers and Mountains, Yellow – Historical Memory of Kyiv Rus.
- Blue – passivity and conservatism, the necessity of spirituality, yellow – active, creative start.
- Adherents of an inverted yellow-blue flag not counting this have their interpretation. Yellow is the Golden Dome of Orthodox Churches, Blue – Water Dnieper.
Flag of Ukraine with a swastika
In the official Ukrainian history, there is no data confirming the introduction of a blue-yellow state sign in a coupe with the Nazi Swastika.
Another thing is the yellow-blue cloth. It was consumed surrounded (District) Galicia – Administrative and territorial education in 1941-1944. On the area occupied Poland.
Archival historical these misery that such a version of the banner was used by Galicia volunteers and police. Austrian Hitler did not prohibit the introduction directly to the version of the Ukrainian flag, then, on the one hand, symbolized the return of Galicia to Austria, T.E. Germany, In another case, as a prize to the Ukrainian nationalists for the devotional work of Rehi. In the first half of the 40s of the twentieth century, the SS Rifle Division was organized, the fighters of which used this banner.
For the 2nd global in Ukraine, other national symbols were prohibited and used only Hermann symbol Paul – Red Pluncher with Black Swastika on a white background in the center.
Then, on the terrain, the occupied by some Poland and Ukraine and the regions of Belarus, Reichskisariat of Ukraine was created (1941-1945.). Organizations of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) as the Bending Wing and Melnikovsky, did not apply swastikas on their own signs.
For events started in Ukraine in 2013-2014. and subsequent hostilities by individual adherents of the fascist ideology used the version of the banner with a swastika. Some of them wished for dreams of developing the 4th Reich in Ukraine. But these facts have nothing to do with state symbols. All other options for combining the current state sign of Ukraine with a swastika, which is available on the network, it is possible, belong to the category of Internet memes.
During the entire history of the country, different signs have been used in Ukraine depending on the historical era in Ukraine, which corresponded to the political situation of a certain time. For example, in the first half of the 20s of the twentieth century in the region of the Far East of the Russian Federation on the border with China An attempt was made to create sovereign territorial education. Her title was green Ukraine. The Name was used in the people. For this subject, a variant of the alleged flag was created, but, the plans of Ukrainians were not realized in the first half of the 20s of the twentieth century, education did not work out.
With independence, at the end of 1991, “Flex” Check hard approached and in modern Ukraine, every national education has its own symbolism. For example,
- President of the President of the country;
- General Staff;
- military establishment;
- Air Force;
- naval and other.
Although some of the heads of state structures have personal flags (samples). For example:
- Minister of Defense,
- Commanders of the Navy,
- State Guard and DR.
Interesting facts about the flag
Of all the flags of Slavic states in one way or 2, the red (red) color, symbolizing the shed blood for freedom and independence of the country. The only countries from this category are Ukraine and Bosnia and Herzegovina, which the red color on the flag is not, and the color coloring colors coincide. In both cases, there is both blue and yellow.
Regarding the origin of the modern state symbolism of Ukraine, there are other versions. For example,
- Blue-Yellow Coloring – this is a present of the Empress Austria Ukrainians Galicia.
- The ruler Alexander I in 1803 provided two banners to Harugovy (military unit) from the Black Sea Cossacks. The 1st of them was blue-yellow, and the 2nd yellow-blue.
What directly directly directly the versions about the origin of the flag or the colors used on it did not exist, it seems that similar to the modern symbolism of Ukraine have countries and cities from India to America.
Non-specialized information about Ukraine
|Territory||603 549 km2|
|Population||41 732 779 people|
|Currency||hryvnia, (UAH, code 980)|