Flag of Germany: photo, history and meaning

Flag of Germany – is a cloth with tricoloro with gold, black and red stripes horizontally. For the first time, the German flag was introduced into used on March 23, 1848, and approved its officially only – May 23, 1949. It is known that Germany for some time after the end of the Second World War did without its flag, since all national symbols of the country were banned by the whole world.

So the modern flag of Germany looks:

Flag of Germany-1

History of Germany signs

The flag of today’s Germany was officially approved in May 1949. In the history of the Germans there were cases at the time, at the time, at the time when this version of the country was canceled. At first it was in the years of Germany, and later in the times of the Nazis. The history of the municipal sign has undergone personal configurations, but the colors used on the modern cloth have always been predominant.

Sacred Roman Empire of German Civilization 1410-1806

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Rhine Alliance 1806-1813

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Germany Alliance 1848-1852

Throughout the fight against Napoleon, volunteer students came up with a uniform for themselves:

  • Dark uniform;
  • red epaulets;
  • Golden (brass) buttons.

Made in 1813 “Corps of Freedom” after three years was formed in the student association, which invented a flag in the form of 3 bands: dark, red and gold. The same flag during the revolution in 1848-1849. The initial time was raised as a sign of one Germany. The zeal and hopes of Germans on the restoration of the empire in those years were not realized. The German Union did not take place. Large countries in Prussia and face Austria refused to recognize the restoration of the new empire and everything ended with nothing.

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Flag of Germany-23

But the combination of 3-colors entrenched and began to be perceived with the concept of German identity.

Severogrertian Union 1868-1870

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Germany 1870-1919

Germany flags are provided here from 1870 to 1919 different dukes.

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Austrian the empire at the time of the creation of the second Reich did not become part of it, but uniting with Hungary Made Austria-Hungary, which not counting this, like German, broke up at the end of the First World War. All fragments of the first Reich, who later became the composition of the new Germany, graduated from an individual existence in the form of a sovereign subject in 1918, at the end of the defeat of Germany in the First World War.

Weimar Republic 1919-1933

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Nazi Germany 1933-1945

From the color gamut of the German Empire (black and white-red) did not refuse Hitler Germany. As we know, the same colors were used in the cloth, despite the fact that both converted to individual ways. Hitler purposefully used the color of the Times of the Second Reich, in order to attract conservative monarchists and bourgeoisie to its side.

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Flag of the German Empire from 1933 to 1935

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The flag with a swastika who was invented by Adolf Hitler, and was used by Germany in 1933-1945

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On the terrain of the former “Holy Roman Empire of the German (German) nation” there were either a huge number of states and kingdoms appeared, at least which of which had an individual personal sign.

Post-war Germany 1945-1949

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German Democratic Republic 1949-1990

Also in the German Democratic Republic (GDR 1949-1989.) did not refuse historical colors by adding only the coat of arms of the country.

Flag of Germany-45

The flag of the German Democratic Republic was used from 1949 to 1959.

Germany – the modern form of the statehood of Germanians. At the end of its association with the GDR in 1990. Her administrative division is made up of sixteen lands. These are historical areas with preserved title. Everyone has personal signs, which or stored in the past form, or a pair of modified.

The German government takes personal origins from the IX century of our era. Through the century – in the first half of the 60s of the 10th century, the “Sacred Roman Empire” was based (1st Reich), which in the Middle Ages got a pair of 2nd name – “The Sacred Roman Empire of the German (German) nation”. Millennary Reich collapsed in 1806 for a huge number of Majahan kingdoms. Germany (2nd Reich), made in the first half of the 70s of the XIX century existed a bit least half a century and broke up at the end of the First World War. The 3rd Reich was proclaimed by the Nazis in the first half of the 30s of the twentieth century and after 12 caught in the fly.


The State Sign of Germany has a rectangular view, with horizontal uniform stripes of 3-colors: dark, red and gold. The proportions of the panels are correlated as 3 to 5. The width of each of the bands is equal to 1/3 of the entire width of the flag. The strip of the dark color is located on top, red – in the middle, golden – down.

Colors flag of Germany

Flag of Germany adds from 3 colors: Dark, red, golden. These are excellent colors of the German country, which have come down to this day from the depths of centuries.

The Meaning of the sign and colors flag of Germany

Dark and yellow (golden) color as we know, used in the middle of the past millet. These colors for the Germans symbolized:

  1. Black – historical past, power and courage of Germany;
  2. Red – blood spilled by Germans at various periods of the Great History of Germany;
  3. Yellow – Freedom Color.

Apart from this interpretation of colors, another 2nd interpretation is used, in which black color is not just the past, and the black past.

In coordination with the legislation of Germany, the state mark is used only by state institutions. With illegal implementation, a penalty of 1 thousand euros is provided. Apart from this, state symbolism is prohibited for the implementation of commercial purposes. But, the colors of the flag are allowed to use for random purposes.

The sign is protected from insults and stagnation, why the culprit is punishable by imprisonment and a huge fine to 3 years.

German citizen in the right to store the state flag and demonstrate it.

Non-specialized information about Germany

Official language German
Capital Berlin
Territory 357 385 km2
Population 83 019 200 people
Currency Euro (EUR, code 978)
Telephone code +49
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