Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) – Government in the Middle East. The history of local civilization has a couple of 1000th, anniversaries. The capital of the country, Damascus, is one of the veins of the world. Not paying attention to this, Syrian statehood is calculated only a few decades. The area of its locality form 185.2 thousand. sq. km., And the population is 18.8 million. human.
So the modern flag of Syria looks:
History flag Syria
The territory of modern Syria in various historical periods belonged to different peoples and states – from the Roman Empire to the Arab Caliphate. From 1517 g. Syria for 400 years stayed as part of Turkey.
At the end of the defeat in the first world and collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1920. Syrian Arab kingdom was created. Without looking at the fact that it existed only 139 days (8/03-24/07), but its impact on the Arab world is felt and now. The kingdom then made his symbolism, taking a sign of the Arab uprising for the database, with the difference that a seven-point star was presented in the center of the red triangle.
by the way! Not paying attention, not to quite a lot of existence of the monarchy was created not counting this royal standard.
The fall of the kingdom of Syria began at the end of the signing of the England-French Agreement in San Remo (April 25), in which France was given the authority to Syria and Lebanon. Such status took and its symbolism.
In parallel, countries (States) were made on the terrain of Syria: Damascus, Aleppo, Alawitov, Jabal Al-Friends, Great Lebanon, and Hatay (Turkey region). The non-specialized sign for everyone was the flag of the Alliance of the Syrian countries.
In 1930. The Republic of Syria was created and the Constitution of the country was posted, in which it was mentioned and about the new flag. In 1932. Syria took partial independence from France and became a republic. Three red stars on the cloth meant the provinces included in its composition: Aleppo, Damascus, and Dair Ez-Zaur. In 1936. Two more provinces moved to Syria: Dzhabal Al-Friends and Latvia. This flag option was also used at the end of the acquisition of complete independence in 1946.
1958. marked by the creation of the newest country – United Arab Republic in Syria and face Egypt. To ensure that the Alliance was created by the 2nd symbol – a red-black-black cloth with 2 green stars on a white stripe. In 1961. Syria came out of the Oar and returned the past symbol with 3 stars.
With the coming to power of the Baas Party (Arab Socialist Restoration), The country flag exchanged – the green strip changed to the red. Three green stars in this case mean “Unity, Freedom, Socialism”.
For your information! In the same year, the Baas party came to power in Iraq, and Flag of Iraq not counting this accepted the red and white-black color. Instead of stars, the slogan “Most High” was written in green.
From 1972 to 1977. Three Arab countries – Syria, Egypt, Libya The fourth-color cloth with an eagle in the center became combined as part of the Federation of Arab Republics and the sign. At the end of the decay of the Federation, this version of the flag of Egypt returned, and Syria returned an example of 1958 for himself.
As a state park, this option was completely adopted in March 1980.
Color tones SAR sign traditional for symbols of Arab countries. The rectangular cloth is broken into three horizontal uniform sectors: the red stripe, white and black. The sequence of their placement from top to bottom.
A white field in the center depicted two symmetrically located five-pointed stars of green. The distance between them is 1/3 of the flag length. The proportions of the sides of the flag are consistent with themselves, as 2 to 3.
Colors flag Syria
SAR flag is represented by four colors: red, white, black, and green.
Meaning colors flag Syria
The color tones of the symbolism of the republic symbolize the family, revealing the state during the entire history.
- Red – Haricots: Islamic grouping of the 7th century. This coloring is denoted not counting this hashish.
- White – MNIT Family of Meadow, who used such a tone as mourning. The period of the existence of the family, 661-750.
- Black – symbolizes the prophet Mohammed and Abbasid Khalifa (8-12th century).
- Green – MNIT Caliphate Fatimids, and symbolizes Islamic religion.
The colors of the SAR sign and the 2nd interpretation:
- Red – blood spilled in the course of the struggle for independence and freedom;
- White – world;
- Black – the colonial past, SAR;
- Stars are the peoples of Siri and Egypt, included in the Oar.
Not counting Egyptian and Iraqi flags At the Syrian symbol, not counting these signs of Sudan and Yemen.
- Like coloring lanes but in the reverse order was also at the German sign (2nd Reich) of the period 1867-1919.
Among the symbols of the second state structures must be emphasized:
- Standard President SAR;
- Armed Forces SAR;
- Syrian Arab Army;
- Air Force.
Interesting facts about the flag
With the beginning of the Civil War (2011.), opposing parties are under their own signs. Among them:
- Temporary Government of Syria,
- Government of salvation,
- Syrian Turkmen,
- Syrian Kurds.
Non-specialized information about Syria
|Territory||185 180 km2|
|Population||17 070,000 people|
|Currency||Syrian pound (SYP, 760)|