Slovak Republic (Slovakia) – Government in Central Europe, which has a terrain of 49 thousand.sq.km and a population of 5.5 million. humans. During all its own history, its territory was as part of many large powers or countries. The last decades were part of Czechoslovakia and only in the first half of the 90s of the XX century became a separate state.
So the modern flag of Slovakia looks:
History flag of Slovakia
To one of the first existing Slovak signs, may be referred to information about the Nitrans Principality (970 g.) and the free possessions of the Slovak farmers of Smodya and Matusa Chuck (1st quarter of the XIV century). In general, the territory of Slovakia, starting from the second millennium. NS. First, it was part of the Hungarian kingdom, and at the end of the residence Austria-Hungary.
During the reign of the Hungarian King of Bella III Slovaks, the flag was used, in the form of a white double cross on a red field.
According to historical information from the IX century, this type of cross was used in Byzantium And named – Patriarchal Cross. The same cross is depicted on the modern sign of the country.
During the Board of King Bela IV and in the following centuries, until the IX century, the Slovak flag had the form of red and white cloth.
During the revolutionary events, 1848-1849. Slovaks opposed Hungary. The Russian army, which Nikolai I sent, was helped by the rebel. First, partisans used the red and white flag. At the end of what happened between them, a blue stripe was added, like Croatian symbols and Russian. On each lane were made on one lettering:
- Brotherhood and consent;
- For the king and the Slovak civilization;
- Glory to all Slovaks!
In 1918. Czechoslovakia was created, by the sign of which the white-red cloth of the Kingdom of the Czech Republic remained.
According to the results of discussions in 1920. The flag was added a blue triangle, depicted from the Village, which personified Slovakia, due to the fact that the blue mountain is presented in her emblem. So the flag of Czechoslovakia was created, which is consumed and the modern Czech Republic.
In 1919, the Slovak Republic of Soviets was created with a banner option, but the story released a period of only 22 days (from June 16 to July 7).
Fall Czechoslovakia in 1939. was used by Slovaks, which, in collaboration with Germany, made the Slovak Republic that existed until the end of the war. At the moment, its sign was the white-blue-red cloth. At the end of 1945. Czechoslovakia was restored, and its past symbol was approved.
At the end of the “Velvet Revolution” of 1990, Slovaks returned to a sign of 1939-1945. But as a distinctive feature from the second similar symbolism, the coat of arms of the country was added. The answer to this was adopted in September 1992.
In the initial version of the flag, the placement of the coat of arms was centered and horizontally, not counting this, but in the first half of the 9th of the 20th century, transformations were made to the law, in coordination with which the coat of arms was shown from the center towards the.
The official symbol of the republic has the shape of a rectangular panel with the proportions of the sides equal to 2 to 3. It is divided into three horizontal multicolored sectors of a monochrome width. The sequence of their placement looks:
- From above – white;
- In the center – blue;
- Bottom – red.
The coat of arms of Slovakia shown on the canvas centered vertically, and horizontally shifted towards the shaft on 1/3 of the flag length.
Colors of the flag of Slovakia
The state symbol of the republic has three colors:
Meaning colors flag of Slovakia
The color applied on the official sign of Slovakia has the following interpretation:
- White – nobility,
- Blue – freedom,
- Red – Spilled Blood.
Three Buds, depicted on the coat of arms, show the name of which – Tatars, Fatwas, and Matters. The symbolism of the mountains for the Slovaks is that from the old days they helped and shelter from the enemies and protected against bad weather. Their images chased in legends and legends. They do not count it glorified in verses of the hymn.
The essence of the colors used is contained in the harmony and independence of Slavic peoples.
Among the state structures and institutions of Slovakia, having their symbolism can be allocated:
- President’s Standard;
- Ministry of Defense;
- Military establishment;
- Air Force.
In 1939-45, the president’s needed looked different
The colors used on the flag of the country are used by many states, but in the sequence in which they are in this case, there are only two flags:
Interesting facts about the flag
The coat of arms on the flag of CP is similar to Hungarian but has some differences. Three Buggra (Mountains), on top of which the cross of a six-pointed form will be abandoned as a reminder of history and events, at the time, at that time, at the time, while Slovakia was an integral part of Hungary, Which the same mountains are depicted in green. For the 1st time, at the end of the creation of the Slovak country (1992.) Hungarians tried to challenge the option with hills in Slovakia signs, due to the fact that one mountain was in the area of Hungary, but later came to civilized consent.
Non-specialized information about Slovakia
|49 034 km2
|5 455 030 people