Flag of Mongolia: colors and meaning

Mongolia – a country in East Asia, having land borders with the Russian Federation and the PRC. For most people who are interested in history, it is associated with the period of the Tatar Empire – the time of the Board of Genghis Khan. She was the biggest empire that included related terrain from the borders of Eastern Europe to Korea and from Siberia to Vietnam (on some estimates of 30 million. Km2).

So the modern flag of Mongolia looks:

Flag of Mongolia-1

History flag Mongolia

Mongol Empire had a personal flag. The story knows two empires (1st and 2nd), which in general, the three centuries have existed (13-15th centuries) and by the beginning of the 16th century, one hundred percent went down in history.

Flag of Mongolia-2

In the first half of the 80s of the fifteenth century, after 100 years after the end of the Kulikovsky battle, the Mongol-Tatar yoke in Russian Federation was quite removed.

At the end of the country’s fall, the territory of the Mongols carried the sovereign rights, fell into the dependence of Manchuria, and was listed by its vassal territory, without looking at the fact that with special rights. He didn’t have his flag.

By the beginning of the twentieth century, Mongolia approached one hundred percent ruined and impoverished. In the country, gradually began to emerge for independence. In December 1911, Mongols threw off the Manchuria need from themselves, creating a personal government such as a feudal-religious monarchy. In that period, a pair of flag variants were used, one of which was a cloth with a non-specialized red background and 3 topics, edging of golden color on the sides and with a municipal sign “Sorota” in the center of the flag.

Flag of Mongolia-3

In the first half of the 20s of the 20th century, at the end of the revolution, the communist government began to start using a new version of the flag, folding out of red color with the sun and the moon, to symbolize the celestial of their parents. Not counting this, the moon with the Sun is one of the components of Indo-Buddhist religious and cultural inheritance.

Flag of Mongolia-4

After three years – at the end of the institution of the People’s Republic, a new flag was approved, who returned the image “So motor”, at the bottom of which Buddhist Lotus was signed – a sign and flower of the grace of purity. Such a combination emphasized the sacred status of the Tatar country and its perfection.

Flag of Mongolia-5

In the first half of the 40s of the XX century, the design of the official flag began to be similar to the signs of the Republics of the USSR. In the center of the red panel, surrounded by farm animals, a rider was depicted, galloping in the direction of the sunrise.

Flag of Mongolia-6

Now, the current official sign of Mongolia was approved in February 1992. Before it flags for example 1949-1992. Different only by a five-pointed star shown over “Society”. She meant a polar star and symbolized moving to socialism.

Flag of Mongolia-7


The cloth of a rectangular shape consists of 3 uniform vertical strips. Latest stripes of red, and the middle – blue. In the center of one of the red stripes (in the bias), the symbol of the population is drawn yellow Ukraine – “Socorro”.

Colors flag Mongolia

Flag of Mongolia contains:

  1. Red, blue and yellow.

Meaning colors and flag sign

Blue Mongolia sign – this is the color of the sky. Red personifies the color of fire, the flame of steppe fires, reminiscent of the national liberation revolution in the victorious 1921.

“Somoza” – testifies the sun, symbol, and the moon “Anuswara”, meaning a point from which, in Buddhist teaching, the universe begins.

“Soota” contains a pair of symbols carrying entire concepts. Its elements are interpreted only about the national symbol. For example, two central elements are not explained as “Yin-Yang”, not paying attention to non-specialized similarity.

Interpretation “Society”:

  • Fire sign in the highest part, meaning dawn and revival, and expansion and continuation of the kind. Flame with 3 languages ​​is the prosperity of the people in three periods of time: the past, future, and genuine;
  • The moon and the sun are shown below the fire – these are antique deities of Mongols, meaning light and eternity. The tradition about the heavenly parents says: “Mongolian people whose father is a young one, and the mother is golden”;
  • The center shows a sign that resembles Yin-Yang. In Buddhist, it is interpreted: “Fish, non-shy eyes and being signs of vigilance of the Mongolian people”;
  • The top and bottom of fish eyes are limited to horizontal rectangles, expressing directness, openness, honesty, justice, and nobility. These figures are interpreted as a call: “Let all that at the top and below honestly assist the people”;
  • Rectangular shapes depicted vertically on the left and right mean the fortress walls and demonstrate the idea that two buddies are stronger than all sorts of hardening;
  • Triangles are combat signs. On the Mongolian interpretation of the tire, unfolded down – this is a warning sign of the enemy: an external (triangle at the bottom) and an inner (triangle above).

Golden color “Somoroto” is considered a sign of immutability and constancy.

Other flags

Mongolia in all its signs uses either a whole sign “Socorro” or its elements. For example, the emblem of the People’s Revolutionary Army of Example 1921 looks like a star with a state sign in the center.

Flag of Mongolia-8

The emblem of the Air Force contains only the sign “Society”.

Flag of Mongolia-9

Not counting this, others are used:

  • army banner;

Flag of Mongolia-10

  • Ground armies;

Flag of Mongolia-11

  • Air Force.

Flag of Mongolia-12

Interesting facts about the flag

The history of the Mongolian country knew quite a lot of takeoffs and falls, ruin and revival. In its composition, there were areas themselves that state that have attributes in the form of a flag. In antiquity, for example, it was:

  • Golden Horde;

Flag of Mongolia-13

  • Chapati ulus;

Flag of Mongolia-14

  • Hulaguid government;

Flag of Mongolia-15

  • North Yuan.

Flag of Mongolia-16

At the end of the conquest of independence in 1911, Bogdo Khan was the head of Buddhists of Mongolia. For that period, internally, with the approved flag, not counting this was used by the 2nd: a square cloth with orange border (Buddhist color) and 3 mosses, and a yellow square in the center.

Flag of Mongolia-17

The more complete version of the flag of the Government of Bogda Khan looked in another case. The monarchy was canceled at the end of the death of Bogdo Gagan in the first half of the 20s of the twentieth century, and the implementation of the flag would have taken away with the proclamation of the MTR.

Flag of Mongolia-18

Non-specialized information about Mongolia

Official language Mongolian
Capital Ulaanbaatar
Territory 1 564 116 km2
Population 3 256 176 people
Currency Tögrög (MNT, code 496)
Telephone code +976
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