Flag of Spain: color and meaning

Flag of Spain – the most recognizable sign of the country. The history of his creation is inseparable from the history of the country itself. The Spanish flag has suffered a huge number of configurations and has become an eyewitness of many city coups, before being incarnated in the one that we are amazingly familiar with and wears the wonderful name of Rhiguhald.

So the modern flag of Spain looks:

Flag of Spain-1

History flag of Spain

1st flags flying on the ground of modern Spain belonged to fooling Muslims and Crusaders. Then the flags served to designate personal armies of the rulers or senors. They were not a sign of the Civilization of the Spaniards but served as the impact of the idea of ​​creating a nationwide flag.

In the shehetadenth century, Queen Castile Juan I marry Philip Beautiful, Ertzgezzog Austria, In honor of this act, the 1st Spanish flag appears – a red burgundy cross on a white background. He symbolizes the Castile Combination – the White Field and the royal branchy, not counting this is called the pediatric, cross. This design, with small changes, remained a sign of Spain until 1713, at the time, at that time, at the time when the state began to rule the Bourbon family.

Flag of Spain-2

The climbing on Tron Philip V, the first representative of the Bourbon family in Spain, radically changes the image on the flag. On a white color, the generic coat of arms of Bourbon is located, the same flag was both Burbones in France.

Flag of Spain-3

  • Burbon flag 1701 – 1760

Flag of Spain-4

  • Burbon flag 1760-1785

Close to the modern view of the Spanish flag became from 12 designs made at the request of King Charles III in 1785. At that time, Spain was still under the control of the Bourbon family, and all countries under her rule, France, Parma, Tuscany, two Sicily, had a monotonous species of the flag: white, with Bourbon coat of arms in the center. It created a huge thing to the sea because from a huge distance there was no ability to distinguish – who specifically supplies the ship.

On May 28, 1785, Karl III made a competition for the best development of the flag for military and merchant ships. Spaniards figure out this day – the day of his own municipal flag.

Flag of Spain-5

In fact, in this form, the flag existed until 1931.

In the first half of the 30s of the twentieth century, in connection with the proclamation of republican rule, the current flag of Spain was canceled and changed for an option with 3 stripes: red, yellowish, and purple, similar in width. After eight years, at the end of the civil war, the republic was overthrown, and the Old Flag returned to everyday life.

Flag of Spain-6

It is worth mentioning time, at the time, at that time, at a time, when Spain was “under the wing” dictator Francisco Franco. From 1938 to 1981, a black eagle was on the flag of Spain, surrounding the coat of arms from 2 sides with his big wings. It was a heavy burden, at the time, at the time,  when the nationalist regime was told the whole country.

Flag of Spain-7

  • Flag of Spain with black eagle 1938-1945

Flag of Spain-8

  • Flag of Spain with black eagle 1945 – 1977

Flag of Spain-9

  • Flag of Spain with black eagle 1977-1981

In the years and the 80th half of the twentieth century, the eagle fell across the soil from the Spanish State Flag, Franco died, and the King of Spain became Juan Carlos. He translated the country into a democratic regime with a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy and returned a red – yellow-red flag with a crowned coat of arms, oval with lilies in the center, and crowded crowns columns on the edges.

The modern view of the flag of Spain with the coat of arms was officially adopted on December 19, 1981. It is used on land and at sea, as a state, military, and civil banner. The state flag must have an image of the state coat of arms, for the civil flag, the desired presence of the coat of arms will not necessarily, but in practice, the flag with the coat of arms is used everywhere.


The Constitution of Spain has official prescriptions regarding the type of Spanish Flag, introduced on December 19, 1981: “The flag of Spain is folded from 3 horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, together with this yellow strip double – extensively each red stripes. It should contain symbols of the state coat of arms, placed at a distance of 1/3 of the flagpole.

On the modern flag of Spain, three horizontal stripes are depicted: Yellow and two red. Yellow is in the middle and double extensive than the red stripes framing the flag from above and below. The flag’s cloth has a rectangular shape, its parts are adjusted in the proportion of 2:3.

There are two versions of the flag of Spain: lightweight and complete. A lightweight version of the flag, without the coat of arms, is used as a civil flag. In fact, all fishing boats, passenger ferries, shopping ships, and Colliers of Spain have a version of the flag without the coat of arms. But urban institutions and members of the administration should post the full version of the flag in and outside the structure of the Board, at military facilities, and on personal residences of chapters and their vehicles.

The image of the coat of arms at all seconds should be addressed to the same finish of the flag on both sides. It should be from the side of the lift both with facial and from the wrong side. On the front side, there is a regular image of the coat of arms, on the opposite, can be seen a mirror image and an inverted inscription Maiden.

There may be also a vertical image of the flag: in the port town of Los Cristianos, La Homer (Canary Islands), hangs the flag with proportions 3: 1, vertically divided red-yellow – red stripes. The image was created by Claus-Michael Schneider and posted on March 10, 2010.

The threshing Spanish flag is exhibited at Plaza de Colon (Square name Columbus) in the center of Madrid in October 2002. Its dimensions: 14 meters in width and 21 meters long. The area of ​​the panel formulates 264 square meters.

Colors flag of Spain

The initial designs of the modern flag had options from red, yellow, white, and blue. There is a world view that yellow and red colors were chosen to keep heraldic colors present in the Spanish coat of arms. But maybe at that time, the choice was influenced by not counting this cost and the availability of raw materials for staining.

In the people, the flag was painted “Rohigualda”, this word is folded from 2 parts: ROJO shows “Red”. And here is the 2nd part of the word – indicates a yellow color – Amarillo, and Gualda – Spanish herb name. The chassis was grown specifically to paint the fabrics in an unusual golden-yellow color and the juice of this plant stained the 1st Spanish flags and became part of his popular name.

Meaning colors and flag sign

There is a legend that at the time, at the time, when the lords chose the replacement of the Old Flag, he chose a golden version of the banner, symbolizing the fertility of Spanish fields. But because the ruler was a passionate fan of the Corrida, he was lined up to capture this good Spanish game and gave an order servants to bring him a cup with bullish blood to draw two red stripes, symbolizing the blood spilled in the arena. So the Spanish flag got a personal real look.

On the coat of arms of the country, they found a personal reflection of the territorial parts of Spain: Castile is depicted in the form of a stone castle, Leon, Asturias, and Galicia in the form of a lion, Aragon, Catalonia, and the Balearic Islands are presented in the form of red-yellow vertical strips, iron chains are Navarro. On the coat of arms, it is not counting this pomegranate – this is the symbol of Andalusia – the places where the most famous Spanish grenades grow.

During the lowering and raising the flag, in fact, at least what time the anthem is fulfilled, the score of which was presented by Karl III Prussian King Friedrich Great.

The Spanish flag survived a long history to become a sign of the country’s victories and all defeats. He loves his people and the citizens of Spain with pride and respect belong to the symbol of its own state unity.

Non-specialized information about Spain

Official language Spanish
Capital Madrid
Territory 505 990 km2
Population 46 714 997 people
Currency Euro (EUR, code 978)
Telephone code +34
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